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Table 2 Comparison of the production costs (€/1000 liters) of ethanol in Brazil, United States and Germany [19].

From: The Brazilian biofuels industry

  USA Corn Germany Wheat Germany Sugarbeet Brazil Sugarcane
Buildings 00.39 00.82 00.82 00.21
Equipment 03.40 05.30 05.30 01.15
Labor 02.83 01.40 01.40 00.52
Insurance, taxes and other costs 00.61 01.02 01.02 00.48
Feedstock 20.93 27.75 035.10 09.80
Other operation costs 11.31 18.68 015.93 02.32
Total production cost 39.47 54.97 59.57 14.48
Sale of byproducts 06.71 06.80 07.20  
Government subsidies 07.93    
Net production cost 24.83 48.17 52.37 14.48