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Table 1 Composition of some lignocellulosic raw materials (% of dry matter)

From: A short review on SSF – an interesting process option for ethanol production from lignocellulosic feedstocks

Raw material Glucan Mannan Galactan Xylan Arabinan Lignin Ref
Agricultural residues
Corn stover 36.4 0.6 1.0 18.0 3.0 16.6 [151]
Rice straw 34.2 - - 24.5 - 11.9 [151]
Sugar cane bagasse 40.2 0.5 1.4 22.5 2.0 25.2 [152]
Wheat straw 38.2 0.3 0.7 21.2 2.5 23.4 [151]
Switch grass 31.0 0.3 0.9 20.4 2.8 17.6 [151]
Hardwood
Salix 41.5 3.0 2.1 15.0 1.8 25.2 [153]
Softwood
Pine 46.4 11.7 - 8.8 2.4 29.4 [151]
Spruce 49.9 12.3 2.3 5.3 1.7 28.7 [35]