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Table 3 Brief summary of SSF experiments carried out on both hexose and pentose sugars.

From: A short review on SSF – an interesting process option for ethanol production from lignocellulosic feedstocks

Raw material Type of pretreatment Amount of solids Detoxification Temp (°C) Strain Cultivation on hydrolyzate Final ethanol conc. (g L-1) Ethanol yield (%) 1 Mode of operation 2 Year and reference
Barley straw Steam 7.5% WIS No 35 S. cerevisiae TMB3400 Yes 22.0 63 Batch 2007 [155]
Wheat straw Steam 7% WIS No 34 S. cerevisiae TMB3400 Yes 32.9 75 Batch 2008 [113]
Wheat straw Steam 7% WIS No 34 S. cerevisiae TMB3400 Yes 34.7 78 Fed-batch 2008 [113]
Wheat straw Steam 9% WIS No 34 S. cerevisiae TMB3400 Yes 33.2 59 Batch 2008 [113]
Wheat straw Steam 9% WIS No 34 S. cerevisiae TMB3400 Yes 38.1 71 Fed-batch 2008 [113]
Sugar cane bagasse Steam 7.5% WIS No 32 S. cerevisiae TMB3400 Yes 26.7 59 * Batch 2008 [128]
Sugar cane bagasse Steam 7.5% WIS No 35 P. stipitis CBS6054 Yes 19.5 43 * Batch 2008 [128]
Corn stover Steam 10% WIS No 35 S. cerevisiae TMB3400 Yes 30.3 54 Batch 2006 [112]
Corn stover Steam 11% WIS No 35 S. cerevisiae TMB3400 Yes 36.8 59 Fed-batch 2006 [112]
  1. 1. Based on maximal theoretical ethanol yield on available hexoses and pentoses (in most cases glucose and xylose).
  2. 2. Batch and fed-batch refers to SSF in bioreactor/fermenter.