Average Carbon Emissions from fossil fuel kgCO2e.odt-1
Transport from roadside
Softwood (all forms)
These values were used to normalise feedstock emission estimates.
aEstimated emissions from fuel consumption assuming a 107 km trip – the average transport distance for logs in Sweden [24, 25]. bEstimated emissions from fuel consumption assuming 50 km trip . cHammermill – 12 month operation window .