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Table 3 Normalised feedstock cost estimates

From: The commercial performance of cellulosic ethanol supply-chains in Europe

Feedstock (delivered to the plant as chips/bales) Cost (2005US$ odt-1)
  Low Mid High
Softwooda 51.5 74.5 107.7
Straw 66.1 100.9 153.9
  1. aMid-point is equal to geometric mean of pulplog and forest residue costs only. The geometric mean was chosen because plotting a histogram of estimates indicated a log normal distribution.