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Table 2 Glucose yield and toxins derived from the pretreated CS detoxified by the three isolatesa

From: Biodetoxification of toxins generated from lignocellulose pretreatment using a newly isolated fungus, Amorphotheca resinae ZN1, and the consequent ethanol fermentation

Fungal strains Acetic acid (g/L) Levulinic acid (g/L) Furfural (g/L) HMF (g/L) Glucose yield (%)
Control 2.5 ± 0.2 3.0 ± 0.3 0.6 ± 0.1 0.9 ± 0.0 21.4 ± 0.8
ZN1 0.6 ± 0.1 0.6 ± 0.1 0 0 32.9 ± 1.2
ZN2 1.8 ± 0.2 1.8 ± 0.1 0.6 ± 0.1 0.9 ± 0.0 27.6 ± 1.3
ZN3 1.4 ± 0.1 1.4 ± 0.1 0.1 ± 0.0 0.4 ± 0.0 28.8 ± 1.0
  1. aBiodetoxification was carried out in flasks at 25°C for 4 days in the static incubator. Enzymatic hydrolysis: 10% (wt/wt) solid loading, 15.0 FPU/g dry solid matter (DM) enzyme dosage, 50°C, 150 rpm in the water bath shaking incubator for 12 h. HMF, 5-hydromethylfurfural. FPU, unit of filter paper cellulase.