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Table 7 Growth behaviors of Amorphotheca resinae ZN1 using lignin derivative toxins as the sole carbon sourcesa

From: Biodetoxification of toxins generated from lignocellulose pretreatment using a newly isolated fungus, Amorphotheca resinae ZN1, and the consequent ethanol fermentation

Time (days) Vanillin Sesamol 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde Guaiacol Phenol
  1.7 3.3 5.0 1.7 3.3 1.7 3.3 1.9 3.7 1.7 3.3
1 - - - - - - - - - - -
2 - - - + - + - + + + -
3 + + + + + + + + + + +
4 ++ + + + + + + + + + +
5 ++ ++ + ++ + ++ + ++ + ++ +
7 +++ ++ + +++ +++ +++ ++ +++ +++ +++ ++
9 +++ ++ + +++ +++ +++ ++ +++ +++ +++ ++
  1. aSubstrate loading unit: mg/g DM.-indicates no mycelium growth on the CS; + indicates the fungal mycelium was observable but minimal; ++ indicates the fungal mycelium grew quickly and covered the surface of the solids medium of the flask. Thoroughly washed dilute acid-pretreated CS with fungal inocula in the flasks was cultured at 25°C for 9 days in the static incubator.