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Table 3 Mass of deoxynivalenol (DON) and 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3ADON) in distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) derived from mashes amended with galactose

From: Conversion of deoxynivalenol to 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol in barley-derived fuel ethanol co-products with yeast expressing trichothecene 3-O-acetyltransferases

Barley line/cultivar Mycotoxin Mass1 of mycotoxin2 (mean μg ± SEM) in DDGS with:
   Ethanol Red Untransformed RW2802 Transformed RW2802
VA06H-253 DON 1854.6 ± 55.8a 2496.2 ± 47.6b 1098.7 ± 39.4c
  3ADON 689.2 ± 12.4a 573.8 ± 27.5a 2500.2 ± 40.7b
  Ratio 2.7 ± 0.1a 4.4 ± 0.1b 0.4 ± 0.0c
VA04B-1254 DON 2206.2 ± 8.1a 1951.8 ± 34.4b 1775.1 ± 36.1c,5
  3ADON 233.8 ± 3.1a 229.1 ± 6.1a 560.1 ± 10.7b,5
  Ratio 9.4 ± 0.1a 8.5 ± 0.1b 3.2 ± 0.1c,5
Thoroughbred4 DON 1100.0 ± 4.2a, b 1165.7 ± 55.6a 1001.5 ± 33.2b
  3ADON 183.4 ± 1.5a 130.2 ± 7.5b 369.0 ± 7.5c
  Ratio 6.0 ± 0.1a 9.0 ± 0.1b 2.9 ± 0.5c
Price4 DON 974.4 ± 8.1a, b 1090.4 ± 35.4a 785.2 ± 86.7b
  3ADON 123.6 ± 1.6a 113.0 ± 5.2a 391.0 ± 123.3b
  Ratio 7.9 ± 0.1a 9.7 ± 0.1b 2.5 ± 0.8c
Eve3 DON 195.0 ± 3.7a 178.4 ± 8.2a, b 157.2 ± 7.2b
  3ADON 36.2 ± 2.0a 22.6 ± 4.0b 54.2 ± 2.1c
  Ratio 5.4 ± 0.4a 8.7 ± 2.3a 2.9 ± 0.3b
  1. 1Mass values of deoxynivalenol not connected by the same letter across rows are significantly different (P < 0.05) from each other.
  2. 2Mycotoxin extraction was performed on 1 g subsamples of DDGS and analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
  3. 3Hulless genotype.
  4. 4Hulled genotype.
  5. 5DON and 3ADON mass from transformed yeast expressing FfTRI201.