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Table 1 Composition of pretreated spruce hydrolysate and inhibitor cocktail solution

From: Evolutionary engineering strategies to enhance tolerance of xylose utilizing recombinant yeast to inhibitors derived from spruce biomass

Compound Spruce hydrolysate, g l-1 Inhibitor cocktail, g l-1
Glucose 18 -
Mannose 16 -
Galactose 4.5 -
Xylose 9 -
Arabinose 4 -
HMF 3.4 3.4
Furfural 1.1 1.1
Acetic acid 6.3 6.3
Formic acid 1.2 1.2
Levulinic acid 2.4 2.4
Vanillin 0.11 0.14
Syringaldehyde <0.001 0.12
Coniferyl aldehyde NA 0.05
Hydroquinone NA 0.02
Cinnamic acid NA 0.001
4-Hydroxybenzoic acid NA 0.02
Guaiacyl acetone NA 0.02
  1. NA: not analyzed.