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Table 3 Conditions for AFEX C1 and AFEX C2 used in rice straw pretreatment

From: Performance of AFEX™ pretreated rice straw as source of fermentable sugars: the influence of particle size

AFEX parameters AFEX C1 AFEX C2
Pretreatment temperature, T r (°C) 100 140
Ratio of ammonia to rice straw (w/w) 2:1 1:1
Ratio of moisture to rice straw (w/w, dwb) 80% 130%
Residence time, t (min) 30 50
Severity, log R o 1.48 2.88