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Table 1 Records of TMP production from renewable carbon sources

From: Accelerated green process of tetramethylpyrazine production from glucose and diammonium phosphate

Bacterial strains Carbon sources Ammonium salts Process control methods Yield (g L-1) Efficiency (g L-1 h-1) References
Serratia marcescens CICC 10187 30 g L-1 of sucrose plus 73.6 g L-1 of acetoin 169.2 g L-1 of DAP Temperature-controlled two-step method 18.97 0.372 This study
Paenibacillus polymyxa CICC 23617 30 g L-1 of glucose plus 42.6 g L-1 of acetoin 124.4 g L-1 of DAP Temperature-controlled two-step method 14.90 0.292 This study
B. subtilis CICC 10211 100 g L-1 of glucose 67.7 g L-1 of DAP Temperature-controlled two-step method 8.34 0.265 This study
P. polymyxa CICC 23617 30 g L-1 of glucose 28.6 g L-1 of DAP Temperature-controlled two-step method 3.52 0.0690 This study
S. marcescens CICC 10187 30 g L-1 of sucrose 3.6 g L-1 of DAP Temperature-controlled two-step method 0.14 0.00275 This study
B. subtilis CCTCC M208157 100 g L-1 of glucose 30 g L-1 of DAP DAP feeding fermentation 7.46 0.0622 [13]
B. subtilis CCTCC M208157 100 g L-1 of glucose 30 g L-1 of DAP pH-controlled two-step fermentation 7.43 0.0619 [21]
Bacillus sp. CCTCC M206043 200 g L-1 of glucose 30 g L-1 of DAP Glucose fed-batch fermentation 4.33 0.0670 [6]
B. subtilis CCTCC M208157 100 g L-1 of sucrose 30 g L-1 of DAP Normal batch fermentation 4.20 0.0382 [25]
Corynebacterium glutamicum MB-1923 80 g L-1 of glucose 9 g L-1 of DAP and 6 g L-1 of (NH4)2SO4 Normal batch fermentation 3 0.0.03 [26]
B. subtilis CCTCC M208157 10% (w/w) of glucose 3% (w/w) of DAP Two-step solid-state fermentation 3.01a 0.00836b [24]
B. subtilis IFO 3013 90 g kg-1 initial dry weight of acetoin Not added Solid-state fermentation 2.45c 0.00729d [27]
Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis biovar. diacetyilactis FC1 30 g L-1 of Na-citrate Not added Normal batch fermentation 0.57 0.0013 [28]
B. subtilis IFO 3013 60 g L-1 of acetoin Not added Solid substrate fermentation 0.542 0.00753 [29]
  1. aThe unit was g kg-1 dry substrate. bThe unit was g kg-1 dry substrate h-1. cThe unit was g kg-1 initial dry weight. dThe unit was g kg-1 initial dry weight h-1. DAP, diammonium phosphate.