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Table 4 Biodiesel resulting from the combined degumming/transesterification process

From: Combining phospholipases and a liquid lipase for one-step biodiesel production using crude oils

Condition FAMEsa Pb
TE 85.2 ± 1.4 823 ± 56
PLA1 + TE 98.2 ± 2.1 8.0 ± 3.0
PLC + TE 90.8 ± 4.0 12.8 ± 1.8
PLA1 + LLPL-2 + TE 97.8 ± 0.3 6.0 ± 3.0
PLA1 + PLC + TE 96.6 ± 0.8 4.6 ± 1.7
  1. aFAMEs production measured as percentage; bphosphorus content expressed in ppm. All data are the mean of three different trials. FAME, fatty acid methyl ester; LLPL-2, lyso-phospholipase; PLA1, phospholipase A1; PLC, phospholipase C; TE, transesterification.