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Table 5 Combined degumming/transesterification biodiesel process applied to difficult oils

From: Combining phospholipases and a liquid lipase for one-step biodiesel production using crude oils

  Corn Oil Canola oil
Condition FAMEsa Pb FAMEsa Pb
TE 93.4 7.5 98.7 145
PLA1 + TE 94.5 7.3 98.3 142
PLC + TE 95.7 9.2 98.2 130
PLA1 + LLPL-2 + TE 96.2 9.3 98.9 145
PLA1 + PLC + TE 95.5 7.5 99.1 130
  1. aFAMEs production measured as percentage; bfinal phosphorus content expressed in ppm. FAME, fatty acid methyl ester; LLPL-2, lyso-phospholipase; PLA1, phospholipase A1; PLC, phospholipase C; TE, transesterification.