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Table 4 Performance of different types of resin used as adsorbents during butanol fermentation

From: Biobutanol production in a Clostridium acetobutylicum biofilm reactor integrated with simultaneous product recovery by adsorption

Fermentation Resin Performance Reference
Type Selectivity Capacitya(mg/g) Equivalent concentration(g/L) Solvent productivity(g · L-1 · h-1) Solvent yield(g/g)  
Batch fermentation, in situ adsorption XAD-8 Mainly butanol, isopropanol, glucose 30 12.6 Approx. 0.13 - [27]
Two-stage continuous fermentation, in-line adsorption XAD-16 Butanol, acetone, acetate, and butyrate; no lactose 64 11.01 Approx. 1.5 0.30 to 0.36 [28]
Repeated batch fermentation, batch adsorption Bonopore, copolymers of divinylbenzene, and styrene Solvent and acids 43 - - - [29]
Batch fermentation, in situ adsorption Dowex Optipore SD-2ploy(styrene-co-DVB) derived Mainly butanol and butyrate 264 Approx. 37 Approx. 0.51 0.27 to 0.40 [12]
Repeated fed-batch fermentation, fixed-bed adsorption Reillex 425, polyvinylpyridine ABE and acids; no glucose Approx. 61 47.2 1.69 0.32 [26]
Fed-batch fermentation, fixed-bed adsorption KA-I, cross-linked polystyrene framework Butanol, butyrate, and acetone; no glucose 84 96.5 1.51 0.33 This work
Fed-batch fermentation, fixed-bed adsorption, MV addition KA-I, cross-linked polystyrene framework Butanol, butyrate, and acetone; no glucose or MV 93 130.7 0.97 0.36 This work
  1. aCalculated as butanol adsorbed (mg) divided by the amount of resin (g) used in the fermentation process. MV, methyl viologen; ABE, acetone-butanol-ethanol; approx., approximately.