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Table 2 Changes in structural and compositional features of sugar cane bagasse after pretreatment analysed by spectroscopic methods

From: The combination of plant-expressed cellobiohydrolase and low dosages of cellulases for the hydrolysis of sugar cane bagasse

Biomass Particle size Defibrillation Glucan content Lignin content Xylan content Crystallinity
H2SO4 and steam explosion* - ↓↓
NaOH and steam explosion* ↑↑ ↑↑ ↓↓ -
Glycerol/HCl and steam explosion* - ↓↓
Acidified EC/EG ↑↑ ↑↑ ↓↓ ↓↓
BMIMCl - - - - ↓↓
Ball-milling ↓↓ - - - - ↓↓
  1. ↑, Increase; ↑↑, strong increase; -, no effect; ↓, decrease; ↓↓, strong decrease.
  2. * Pilot scale pretreatments, reprinted from [23].