Cultivar

Bale number

Sampling site

Ethanol (g/kg DM)
^{a}

Lactic acid (g/kg DM)
^{a}

Moisture (%)
^{a}

pH


Leaf Star

1

Upper

128.7^{x}

24.8^{x}

68.6^{x}

3.96

Middle

132.6^{x}

29.9^{x}

67.2^{x}

3.93

Lower

117.1^{x}

26.7^{x}

63.7^{x}

3.99

2

Upper

155.3^{x}

29.7^{x}

68.0^{x}

4.03

Middle

178.7^{x}

31.4^{x}

70.4^{x}

4.00

Lower

169.3^{x}

31.0^{x}

69.7^{x}

3.99

Tachisugata

1

Upper

42.4^{y}

19.5^{y}

59.0^{xy}

4.12

Middle

45.4^{y}

21.8^{xy}

57.5^{y}

4.10

Lower

178.5^{x}

26.9^{x}

64.2^{x}

3.90

Tachisuzuka

1

Upper

60.5^{y}

19.5^{y}

58.1^{y}

4.07

Middle

72.5^{y}

19.4^{y}

62.0^{y}

4.08

Lower

133.8^{x}

48.6^{x}

72.0^{x}

3.91

2

Upper

72.5^{y}

23.1^{y}

62.3^{xy}

4.11

Middle

90.9^{y}

23.5^{y}

61.9^{y}

4.12

Lower

143.4^{x}

38.8^{x}

68.3^{x}

3.95

 Whole rice plant round bales (about 0.8 m height and 1 m diameter) after each SSF test (9 to 14 months’ incubation) were opened and three samples from each of the three distinct height sampling sites (upper (>60 cm), middle (30 to 60 cm), and lower (<30 cm)) in the round bale were collected individually, and ethanol and lactic acid concentration, moisture, and pH were analyzed.

^{a}Different alphabetical letters following the number indicate significant differences (P <0.05, Scheffe’s test) among sampling sites within the same round bale.