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Table 4 Composition of fresh, silage, and solid state fermented (SSF) materials of forage rice plants (cv. Tachisuzuka)

From: On-farm solid state simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of whole crop forage rice in wrapped round bale for ethanol production

Composition (%) a Fresh material Silage SSF product (residue)
Moisture 56.2 63.9 64.7
Weight lossb - 15.7 28.8
Cellulosec,d 22.0 22.1 (18.6)g 22.0 (15.7)
Hemicellulosed, e 15.2 12.1 (10.2) 13.8 (9.8)
Lignind 2.9 3.4 (2.9) 4.0 (2.8)
Starchd 18.9 20.2 (17.0) 5.3 (3.8)
Hexosef 5.4 0.4 (0.3) 7.6 (5.4)
Xylose 0.0 0.5 (0.4) 1.7 (1.2)
Lactic acid 0.0 2.4 (2.0) 3.4 (2.4)
Total carbon 34.34 37.29 (31.44) 36.77 (26.20)
Total nitrogen 0.47 0.73 (0.62) 1.08 (0.77)
Carbon:nitrogen 72.9 51.4 34.1
pH 5.68 4.17 4.00
  1. aPercent by dry matter.
  2. bWeight loss by dry matter during fermentation process (Table 1).
  3. cAcid detergent fiber (ADF) - lignin.
  4. dComposition analysis was carried out by Japan Food Research Laboratories.
  5. eNeutral detergent fiber (NDF) - ADF.
  6. fGlucose + fructose + sucrose.
  7. gNumbers in parentheses indicate the composition (%) × (100 - weight loss (%))/100.