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Table 1 Comparison of pervaporation performance of the homogeneous PDMS membrane and zeolite-mixed membranes

From: Evaluation of hydrophobic micro-zeolite-mixed matrix membrane and integrated with acetone–butanol–ethanol fermentation for enhanced butanol production

  No zeolite 20 wt% zeolite 50 wt% zeolite 80 wt% zeolite
37°C 80°C 37°C 80°C 37°C 80°C 37°C 80°C
Total flux, g/m2 h 160.3 435.4 152.4 413.6 133.6 386.2 99.8 377.2
Butanol flux, g/m2 h 16.3 96.4 18.5 96.0 22.1 106.3 20.3 126.2
Butanol titer in permeate, g/L 101.6 221.4 121.5 232.1 165.2 275.3 203.1 334.6
Separation factor 7.4 18.7 9.1 19.8 13.0 24.9 16.7 33.0