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Table 2 Comparison of ABE fermentation with different typical feedstocks

From: Butanol production from food waste: a novel process for producing sustainable energy and reducing environmental pollution

Feedstock Process mode Culture Fermentation without integrated product recovery Fermentation with integrated product recovery References
ABE titer (g/L) ABE yield (g/g) Productivity (g/L/h) ABE titer (g/L) ABE yield (g/g) Productivity (g/L/h)
Wheat straw Batcha C. beijerinckii P260 9.4–13.1 0.37–0.42 0.14–0.27 <10c 0.41 0.31 [17]
Corn stover Batchb C. beijerinckii P260 14.2 0.30 0.22 ~13.8 0.39 0.34 [19]
Switchgrass Batcha C. saccharobutylicum DSM 13864 22.7 0.40 0.63 [22]
Whey permeate Batcha C. acetobutylicum P262 11.3 0.39 0.22 ~5.0 0.27 0.31 [37]
Wood pulping Batcha C. beijerinckii CC101 11.4 0.39 0.16 ~11.0 0.44 0.25 [38]
Cassava bagasse Fed-batcha C. acetobutylicum JB200 15.4 0.34 0.39 ~20.0 0.32–0.37 0.41–0.53 [21]
Glucose Fed-batcha C. beijerinckii BA101 17.6 0.39 0.29 ~16.5 0.47 1.16 [39]
Food waste Batchb C. beijerinckii P260 18.8–20.9 0.36–0.38 0.38–0.46 ~10.0 0.36 0.49 This study
  1. aFermentation integrated with gas stripping recovery system
  2. bFermentation integrated with vacuum stripping recovery system
  3. cThe highest ABE concentration in fermentation broth during fermentation with integrated product recovery process