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Table 3 Specifications of outdoor pilot-scale photobioreactors

From: Comparison of four outdoor pilot-scale photobioreactors

Specifications ORP HT VT FP
Optical path (m) 0.2 0.046 0.046 0.02a
Volume (m3) 4.73 0.56 1.06 0.06
Illuminated volume (%) 100 73 71 100
Ground area occupied (m2) 25.4 27.0b 31.0b 2.4
Illuminated volume/ground area (m3 m−2) 0.186 0.021 0.034 0.023
Expected PEsunlight (%)c 1.5 3 n.a. 5
  1. ORP open raceway pond, HT horizontal tubular, VT vertical tubular, FP flat panel photobioreactor
  2. aAverage optical path of single panels
  3. bIncluding half of ground area occupied by dummy panels/tube installed at northern and southern side of reactors
  4. cData from Norsker et al. [3]