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Table 1 Comparison of lipid production by various oleaginous yeasts using different carbon substrates in batch and fed-batch cultures

From: Enhanced lipid production by Rhodosporidium toruloides using different fed-batch feeding strategies with lignocellulosic hydrolysate as the sole carbon source

Carbon substrate Yeast strain Culture mode Lipid contenta (%) Y bL/S (g/g) Pr cL (g/L/h) Refs.
Spent yeast Cryptococcus curvatus Repeated-batch 37 0.12 0.07 [14]
Sludge Cryptococcus curvatus Pulse-FB 23 0.09 [15]
Glycerol Cryptococcus curvatus DO-FB 25 0.11 0.59 [16]
Glycerol Cryptococcus curvatus Pulse-FB 53 0.20 0.06 [29]
Glycerol Yarrowia lipolytica Pulse-FB 31 0.08 0.18 [17]
Pure glucose Cryptococcus curvatus Pulse-FB 53 0.14 0.21 [30]
Pure glucose R. toruloides Pulse-FB 67 0.23 0.54 [6]
Pure glucose R. toruloides Pulse-FB 59 0.20 0.36 [7]
Lignocellulosic glucose Cryptococcus sp. Batch 60 0.13 0.05 [24]
Pure sugar mixture Rhodococcus opacus Pulse-FB 54 0.18 0.29 [31]
Pure sugar mixture R. toruloides Pulse-FB 58 0.07 0.15 [8]
Lignocellulosic sugar mixture Lipomyces kononenkoae Repeated-batch 59 0.16 0.18 [10]
Lignocellulosic sugar mixture Rhodococcus opacus Batch 54 0.13 0.13 [25]
Lignocellulosic sugar mixture R. toruloides Repeated-batch 61 0.16 0.13 [10]
Lignocellulosic sugar mixture R. toruloides DO-FB 56 0.14 0.33 [9]
Lignocellulosic sugar mixture R. toruloides Batch 59 0.19 0.28d This work
Lignocellulosic sugar mixture R. toruloides DO-FB 60 0.23 0.33d This work
Lignocellulosic sugar mixture R. toruloides Pulse-FB 62 0.24 0.35d This work
Lignocellulosic sugar mixture R. toruloides Online-FB 59 0.29 0.40d This work
  1. aLipid content, g lipid produced/g dry cell weight
  2. bYL/S: Lipid yield, g lipid produced/g carbon source consumed
  3. cPrL: Lipid productivity, g lipid produced/h/L
  4. dLipid productivity was calculated at 72 h when most of the sugars were consumed for lipid production