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Table 3 Comparison of fatty acid composition of lipids from R. toruloides and different feedstocks

From: Enhanced lipid production by Rhodosporidium toruloides using different fed-batch feeding strategies with lignocellulosic hydrolysate as the sole carbon source

Fatty acid source Relative amount of total fatty acids (%) CNa
C14:0 C16:0 C18:0 C18:1n9 C18:2n6 C18:3n3
Batch 1.3 ± 0.1 25.1 ± 1.1 10.1 ± 0.3 45.9 ± 2.1 10.5 ± 0.5 3.3 ± 0.1 57.7 ± 1.9
DO-FB 1.5 ± 0.1 26.5 ± 0.9 11.0 ± 0.2 46.4 ± 1.5 9.9 ± 0.3 3.0 ± 0.2 58.9 ± 2.1
Pulse-FB 1.3 ± 0.1 25.5 ± 1.2 10.9 ± 0.5 46.1 ± 2.2 10.1 ± 0.3 3.9 ± 0.2 58.2 ± 2.5
Online-FB 1.4 ± 0.1 26.8 ± 1.0 11.2 ± 0.5 45.8 ± 1.9 9.8 ± 0.2 4.1 ± 0.1 59.1 ± 2.2
Palmb N.D. 44.8 4.6 38.9 9.5 0.4 61.4
Sesameb N.D. 9.6 6.7 41.1 41.2 0.7 48.5
Maizeb N.D. 11.6 2.5 38.7 44.7 1.4 47.0
  1. N.D. not detected
  2. aCN: The cetane number was calculated as described by Gopinath et al. [52]: CN = 62.2 + 0.074X1 + 0.115X2 + 0.177X3 -0.103X4 − 0.279X5 − 0.366X6, where X1 to X6 indicates the weight percentages of methyl myristate (C14:0), palmitate (C16:0), palmitoleate (C16:1), stearate (C18:0), oleate (C18:1), linoleate (C18:2), and linolenate (C18:3) in lipids, respectively
  3. bData obtained from the literature [53]