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Table 11 Comparison of growth, lipid production, and fatty acid composition between oleaginous microalgae

From: Advantageous characteristics of the diatom Chaetoceros gracilis as a sustainable biofuel producer

  Doubling time (h) Amount of TAG or FAME (mg/L)a TAG productivity (mg/L per day) Lipid or FAMA productivity (mg/L per day) Percentage of TAG in lipid Fatty acid composition (% w/w) of total FAMEs References
14:0 16:0 16:1 16:2 16:3 16:4 18:0 18:1 18:2 18:3 20:5
Diatom
 Chaetoceros gracilis 9.2 272 (TAG) 27.2    6.7 42.1 40.8 2.7 1.5   1.1     3.9 This work (1% NaCl)
 Phaeodactylum tricornutum 14.6 183 (TAG) 18.3    4.9 38.0 42.5 0.5 1.1   1.4 4.8    6.7 This work (1% NaCl)
 Navicula JPCC DA0580 11.3b    26.4    21.4c 25.1c     0.3c 0.5c 0.3c    [94]
 Thalassiosira weissflogii P09 16   3.7d 7.3 51.0             [9]
 Thalassiosira weissflogii CCMP1010 22   2.6d 4.9 53.0             [9]
 Cylindrotheca fusiformis CCMP 343 15   0.9d 4.8 18.0             [9]
 Nitzschia CP2a 74 39     6.0 30.1 31.6 2.8 0.0 0.0 5.7 2.0 0.8 1.8 12.5 [95]
 Nitzschia CP3a 96 51     5.3 28.8 27.3 3.3 0.0 0.0 5.3 2.9 1.3 1.2 14.5 [95]
 Cymbella CP2b 31 41     9.6 37.7 38.3 1.6 0.0 0.0 6.6 1.2 0.3 0.1 3.9 [95]
 Cylindrotheca closterium Sl1c 31 35     0.6 0.2 4.7 9.0 23.3 1.8 35.2 10.1 0.2 10.8 0.4 [95]
 Tetraselmis M8 38 48     0.9 28.3 1.8 14.6 18.3 0.3 19.8 8.1 0.2 3.4 0.3 [95]
Cyanobacterium
 Spirulina maxima     8.6e   0.3 40.2 9.2   0.4 0.2 1.2 5.4 17.9 18.3   [96]
Eustigmatophyceae
 Nannochloropsis salina CCMP369 44   1.5d 7.3 20.0             [9]
 Nannochloropsis sp.     25.8e   7.2 23.4 26.9 0.4 0.5   0.5 13.2 1.2   14.3 [96]
Grren algae
 Neochloris oleabundans     26.1e   0.4 19.4 1.9 1.7 1.0 7.2 1.0 20.3 13.0 17.4   [96]
 Chlorella NKG400014 12.7b    13.1    6.7c 0.3c     1.1c 9.1c 2.4c 15.5c   [94]
 Chlorella vulgaris     9.2e   3.1 25.1 5.3   1.3 4.1 0.6 12.6 7.2 19.1 0.5 [96]
 Chlorella BR2 37 9     1.7 31.7 4.7 1.4 8.8 0.04 29.3 11.9 6.1 0.4 0.1 [95]
 Chlorella vulgaris     4              [97]
 Scenedesmus obliquus     15.9e   1.5 21.8 6.0 4.0 0.7 0.4 0.5 17.9 21.7 3.8   [96]
 Dunaliella tertiolecta     20.0e   0.5 17.7 0.9 3.0 1.2 10.6   4.9 12.4 30.2   [96]
 Dunaliella tertiolecta 36 18     0.5 19.9 0.4 1.4 4.2 23.3 16.7 0.8 1.9 30.0 0.1 [95]
 Dunaliella salina CCAP19/18 83   0.4d 5.2 7.0             [9]
 Dunaliella tertiolecta CCMP 1320 51   1.7d 9.7 17.0             [9]
 Chlamydomonas CCMP222 30   0.2d 3.0 7.0             [9]
Higher plants
 Canola oil        4.6 0.2     2.1 64.3 20.2 7.6   [98]
 Palm oil       1.1 41.9 0.2     4.6 41.2 10.3 0.1   [98]
 Soybean oil        10.5      4.1 22.5 53.6 7.7   [98]
  1. Fatty acid composition of typical oils from higher plants are also presented
  2. All data of microalgae were selected among those grown with air (without enriching CO2)
  3. aValues at the end of culture test
  4. bCalculated from the data on Fig. 1 in [94]
  5. cValues of % toward dry cell weight
  6. dCalculated from the data on Table 1 in [9]
  7. eCalculated from the data on Table 3 in [96]