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Table 5 Estimated industrial investment for each scenario

From: Techno-economic analysis and climate change impacts of sugarcane biorefineries considering different time horizons

Capex (US$ million) 1G-base 1G-ST 1G-MT 1G-LT 1G2G-ST 1G2G-MT 1G2G-LT
1G + interface areas (subtotal) 153.3 436.4 472.8 627.6 410.2 455.6 586.4
Administrative infrastructure, engineering, and utilities 41.6 99.3 105.8 137.7 127.1 131.4 163.7
Sugarcane reception, juice extraction, and evaporation 33.6 60.5 63.6 79.2 63.4 67.5 82.4
Ethanol production (fermentation, distillation/dehydration) 37.2 83.5 80.6 97.0 103.4 114.0 154.8
Combined heat and power (steam and electricity) 40.9 193.1 211.6 300.8 116.4 124.7 160.8
Biogas production, purification, and use for electricity generation (internal combustion engines) 11.1 13.0 18.0 24.7
2G areas(subtotal) 184.9 163.4 190.1
Pretreatment and C5 liquor separation/evaporation 106.5 102.3 127.7
C5 fermentation and yeast propagation 15.7 16.5 16.9
Enzymatic hydrolysis and C6 liquor separation 62.7 44.6 45.4
Total 153.3 436.4 472.8 627.6 595.1 619.0 776.5