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Table 5 Biodiesel properties of biofilms

From: Applications of microalgal biofilms for wastewater treatment and bioenergy production

  Biofilm #52 Biofilm #52 + Sia Biofilm #109 Biofilm #102 Feedstockb Comments
Min Max
SFA 40.9 41.9 31.6 38 8 45  
MUFA 15.9 26 16 23 41 60  
PUFA 23 16 32 24.1 10 36  
SV 169.7 170 168.6 146    
IV 68.7 76.4 87.7 86.9 57 111.7 124, upper limit in the EUc
CN 62.9 65.6 58.9 58.3 54 61.2 47, lower limit in the USAc
LCSF 6.3 4.5 4.2 1.9    
CFPP 3.4 −2.3 −3.2 −10.5 −11 11.4  
CP 9.8 10.7 6.5 5 −3.3 13  
PP 3.9 4.9 0.3 0.3 −9.8 11.8  
APE 57.5 38 72.6 74.1    
BAPE 37 26 47.8 48.5    
OS 7.95 17.3 6.3 8.9    
υ 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.9 4.4 4.6 1.8, lower limit in the USAa
ρ 0.69 0.74 0.7 0.75 0.87 0.89 0.86, lower limit in the EUa
  1. SFA saturated fatty acid (%), MUFA mono unsaturated fatty acid (%), PUFA poly unsaturated fatty acid (%), SV saponification value (mg/g), IV iodine value, CN cetane number, LCSF long-chain saturated factor, CFPP cold filter plugging point (°C), CP cloud point (°C), PP pour point (°C), APE allylic position equivalent, BAPE bis-allylic position equivalent, OS oxidation stability (h), υ kinematic viscosity (mm2/s), ρ density (g/cm3)
  2. aGrowing Biofilm #52 in F2 + Si
  3. bFeedstock: canola, jatropha, rapeseed, palm and soybean
  4. cGiakoumis et al. [68]