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TableĀ 1 Technology options available for performing the tasks listed in three separation stages

From: Synthesis and analysis of separation networks for the recovery of intracellular chemicals generated from microbial-based conversions

Tasks Technologies
Pretreatment Flocculation (Flc), coagulation (Cog)
Cell harvesting Sedimentation (Sdm), filtration (Ftt), centrifugation (Cnt), flotation (Flt), microfiltration (MF)
Cell disruption Bead mill (Bml), chemical lysis (Chy), enzyme lysis (Ely), homogenization (Hph)
Phase isolation: cell component separation Sedimentation (Sdm), filtration (Ftt), centrifugation (Cnt), flotation (Flt), membranes (Mbr- MF (microfiltration), UF (ultrafiltration), and RO (reverse osmosis))
Phase isolation: product phase formation Differential digestion (Ddg), solubilization (Slb)
Product concentration Extraction (Ext), ATPE, evaporation (Evp), precipitation (Prc), membranes (MF, UF, NF (nanofiltration), RO), distillation (Dst), adsorption (Ads)
Product purification Chromatography (Chr), crystallization (Crs), pervaporation (Pvp), membranes (Mbr-MF, UF, NF, RO)
Product refinement Drying (Dry), bleaching (Blc)
  1. ATPE aqueous two-phase extraction