Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of the bioconversion

From: Efficient itaconic acid production from glycerol with Ustilago vetiveriae TZ1

  Titer (g L−1) (itaconate) Rate (g L−1 h−1) (itaconate) Yield (gita g −1gly ) (itaconate) Titer (g L−1) (malate)
5 g L−1 YE 23.5 ± 1.4 0.06 ± 0.00 0.08 ± 0.02 37.2 ± 2.0
1.6 g L−1 NH4Cl 18.0 ± 0.7 0.05 ± 0.00 0.06 ± 0.01 18.3 ± 1.3
3.2 g L−1 NH4Cl 24.1 ± 0.2 0.06 ± 0.00 0.07 ± 0.00 60.0 ± 10.4
6.4 g L−1 NH4Cl 13.3 ± 0.5 0.05 ± 0.00 0.07 ± 0.00 26.5 ± 0.4
4.8 g L−1 YE (shake flask) 34.7 ± 2.5 0.09 ± 0.01 0.18 ± 0.01 46.2 ± 1.4
  1. Comparison of titer, rate, and yield for itaconate and titer of the main by-product malate for different bioreactor cultivations and the best shake flask cultivation. ±values indicate deviation from the mean (n = 3 for shake flask, n = 2 for bioreactors)