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Table 4 Overview of the tolerance limits and percentages relative growth (at reference conditions) of the selected multi-tolerant strains for the fermentation experiments

From: Phenotypic landscape of non-conventional yeast species for different stress tolerance traits desirable in bioethanol fermentation

Strain Species Osmotolerance Ethanol tolerance HMF tolerance Thermotolerance
Tolerance limit (w/v %) Relative growth at 50% glucose (%) Tolerance limit (v/v %) Relative growth at 7% EtOH (%) Tolerance limit (g L−1) Relative growth at 5 g L−1 HMF (%) Tolerance limit (°C) Relative growth at 39 °C (%)
VMU007 Brettanomyces anomalus 50 8 11 138 4 0 39 183
VMU018 Brettanomyces naardenensis 48 2 7 35 4 2 >41 120
VMU074 Dekkera bruxellensis 50 12 7 36 >7 41 >41 77
VMU079 Hanseniaspora lachancei 50 7 12 74 6 70 39 5
VMU095 Kluyveromyces lactis 48 6 7 19 4 0 37 0
VMU099 Kodamaea ohmeri >70 37 11 77 >7 77 >41 116
VMU119 Meyerozyma caribbica 50 17 7 38 >7 59 39 15
VMU139 Pichia kudriavzevii 48 1 13 120 >7 57 >41 491
VMU184 Torulaspora delbrueckii 55 13 11 47 6 22 37 0
VMU197 Wickerhamomyces anomalus 50 25 11 116 5 28 37 0
VMU214 Zygosaccharomyces bailii >70 23 10 59 >7 96 37 0
VMU219 Zygosaccharomyces rouxii >70 69 7 28 4 0 37 0
Ethanol Red Saccharomyces cerevisiae 50 15 14 102 5 33 39 150
CAT1 Saccharomyces cerevisiae 50 20 13 71 2 0 39 41