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Fig. 1 | Biotechnology for Biofuels

Fig. 1

From: Defined tetra-allelic gene disruption of the 4-coumarate:coenzyme A ligase 1 (Pv4CL1) gene by CRISPR/Cas9 in switchgrass results in lignin reduction and improved sugar release

Fig. 1

Phylogenic tree of Pv4CLs and their homologous genes in model plants. The scale indicates amino acid substitutions per position. Switchgrass, Pv4CL1 (Pavir.Fa01395), Pv4CL2 (Pavir.J20148), Pv4CL3 (Pavir.Da00296); Brachypodium, Bd4CL1(Bradi3g05750.1); foxtail millet, Si4CL2(Si006172m), Si4CL1(Si016817m); rice, Os4CL2 (Q42982), Os4CL1 (BAD5189); maize, Zm4CL1 (AY566301). Red letters, switchgrass 4CLs

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