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Table 3 Comparative data of development time and dry mass gain from previous reported experiments

From: Insect biorefinery: a green approach for conversion of crop residues into biodiesel and protein

Feed source Species Development time (day) Dry mass (%) of live insect larvae Water content (%) of live larvae References
Corn stover Tenebrio molitor 63 29.43 70.57 This study
Corn stover Hermetia illucens 26 21.79 78.21 This study
Rice straw Hermetia illucens 38.20–54.20 NA NA [17]
Artificial feed Hermetia illucens 21–37 32.9–35.6 64.4–67.8 [39]
Artificial feed Tenebrio molitor 83–227 30.2–41.5 69.8–58.5 [39]
Hen feed Hermetia illucens 15 NA NA [40]
Meat meal Hermetia illucens 33 NA NA [40]
Dairy manure Hermetia illucens 31 NA NA [26]
Chicken feed Hermetia illucens 16–42 33–40 60–67 [41]
Dairy manure Hermetia illucens ~ 120 NA NA [42]
Dairy manure Hermetia illucens 26–30 NA NA [43]
Commercial diet Hermetia illucens NA 27 73 [24]
Chicken manure Hermetia illucens NA 17 83 [44]
  1. NA not available