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Table 3 Optimal AFEX pretreatment values obtained for agave lignocellulosic biomass

From: Conversion of lignocellulosic agave residues into liquid biofuels using an AFEX™-based biorefinery

Agave biomass Temperature (°C) Ammonia (kg NH3/kg DM) Water (kg NH3/kg DM) Reaction time (min)
Tequilana bagasse 120 2 0.4 38
Salmiana bagassea 102 2 0.4
Tequilana leafa 100 3 0.2
Salmiana leafa 100 3 0.2
  1. aThe reaction time was kept constant at 30 min, in the DoE