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Table 1 PMA production from various biomass substrates by different strains of A. pullulans

From: Metabolome- and genome-scale model analyses for engineering of Aureobasidium pullulans to enhance polymalic acid and malic acid production from sugarcane molasses

Microorganism Substrates Nitrogen sources Operating mode PMAa (g/L) Malic acid (g/L) Productivitya (g/L h) Yielda (g/g) References
NRRL 50383 Corn fiber Peptone and yeast extract Batch 10.1 11.7b 0.07 [13]
Wheat straw Peptone and yeast extract Batch 23.5 27.1b 0.16
ZX-10 Soybean hull hydrolysate Corn steep liquor Fed-batch 27.2 31.3 0.48 0.42 [12]
Soy molasses Fed-batch 62.6 71.9 0.29 0.69  
Sugarcane juice Batch 52.6 60.8 0.32 0.62 [49]
CCTCCM2012223 Hydrolysate of raw sweet potato NH4NO3 Batch 29.6 33.6 0.28 0.31 [9]
Hydrolysate of raw sweet potato NH4NO3 Fed-batch 44 49.9 0.31 0.22
YJ 6-11 Corncob hydrolysate NH4NO3 Batch 28.6 32.4 0.45 0.41 [33]
FJ-PYC Sugarcane molasses Batch 31.5 36.5 0.61 0.44 This study
Fed-batch 81.5 94.2 0.67 0.62
  1. -, none or not reported
  2. aTo facilitate comparisons, PMA yield and productivity were based on the malic acid that can be released from PMA after hydrolysis, PMA (g/L) = 0.87 malic acid (g/L)
  3. bCalculated from data in this study