Skip to main content


Fig. 5 | Biotechnology for Biofuels

Fig. 5

From: Integrated experimental and technoeconomic evaluation of two-stage Cu-catalyzed alkaline–oxidative pretreatment of hybrid poplar

Fig. 5

Comparison of installed costs and raw material costs between the three process scenarios considered by TEA. These scenarios are then compared to a “hypothetical case” 120 °C NaOH-H2O pre-extraction process that reduces H2O2, enzyme, and bpy loadings in concert. Note that raw material costs in this figure include the by-product revenue from electricity sales

Back to article page