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Table 2 Lipogenic aptitude of Leucosporidium creatinivorum DBVPG 4794, Naganishia adeliensis DBVPG 5195 and Solicoccozyma terricola DBVPG 5870 grown on steam-exploded and hydrolyzed CS (cardoon stalks), SD1, SD2 (stranded driftwood), OTPR1 and OTPR2 (olive tree pruning residues) at 20 and 25 °C

From: Yeast lipids from cardoon stalks, stranded driftwood and olive tree pruning residues as possible extra sources of oils for producing biofuels and biochemicals

  T (°C) PL (g/l) DW (g/l) PL/DW (%) PL/C (%) PL/d [g/(l × day)]
CS
 Naganishia adeliensis
 DBVPG 5195
20 6.87 ± 0.2fgh 13.90 ± 0.4cd 49.33 ± 0.5de 15.06 ± 0.5efgh 1.00 ± 0f
25 6.59 ± 0.2efg 14.94 ± 0.3de 44.10 ± 0.9c 14.45 ± 0.5defg 0.47 ± 0bcd
 Solicoccozyma terricola
 DBVPG 5870
20 13.20 ± 0.2l 23.75 ± 0.2i 55.60 ± 0.7g 28.95 ± 0.4m 1.70 ± 0j
25 10.22 ± 0.5k 19.10 ± 1.0h 53.60 ± 4.4cdefg 22.41 ± 1.1l 1.36 ± 0.6i
SD1
 Leucosporidium creatinivorum
 DBVPG 4794
20 9.20 ± 0.4jk 16.70 ± 0.2fg 55.10 ± 2.7defg 19.57 ± 0.8jkl 1.03 ± 0.1f
 Naganishia adeliensis
 DBVPG 5195
20 7.07 ± 0.5efghi 12.43 ± 0.1abc 56.63 ± 4.0defg 15.03 ± 1.1bcdefgh 1.17 ± 0.1gh
25 8.19 ± 0.7ij 14.45 ± 0.5de 56.70 ± 2.8fg 17.43 ± 1.5hij 0.51 ± 0d
SD2
 Leucosporidium creatinivorum
 DBVPG 4794
20 9.83 ± 0.5k 17.92 ± 0.1gh 54.88 ± 3.0defg 20.95 ± 1.2kl 1.23 ± 0.1h
 Naganishia adeliensis
 DBVPG 5195
20 6.65 ± 0.1fg 12.50 ± 0.5abc 53.27 ± 1.8efg 14.17 ± 0.1def 1.10 ± 0fg
25 8.50 ± 1.1hijk 14.35 ± 0.6de 59.13 ± 4.9 fg 18.11 ± 2.3ghijk 0.53 ± 0.1d
 Solicoccozyma terricola
 DBVPG 5870
20 9.87 ± 0.1k 18.47 ± 0.8h 53.50 ± 2.0defg 21.02 ± 0.1kl 1.63 ± 0.1j
25 7.78 ± 0.6ghij 14.37 ± 0.6de 54.10 ± 3.5defg 16.57 ± 1.2fghij 0.49 ± 0cd
OTPR1
 Leucosporidium creatinivorum
 DBVPG 4794
20 6.22 ± 0.4cdef 12.10 ± 1.6ab 51.60 ± 3.5defg 13.60 ± 0.8bcde 0.35 ± 0.1ab
25 5.87 ± 0c 14.60 ± 0.3de 40.19 ± 0.9b 12.83 ± 0b 0.27 ± 0a
 Naganishia adeliensis
 DBVPG 5195
20 6.27 ± 0.2de 12.70 ± 0.3bc 49.39 ± 0.2d 13.72 ± 0.4cd 0.57 ± 0d
25 5.90 ± 0.2bcd 18.30 ± 0.3h 32.24 ± 0.3a 12.91 ± 0.5bc 0.74 ± 0e
 Solicoccozyma terricola
 DBVPG 5870
20 8.15 ± 0i 15.50 ± 0.1ef 52.55 ± 0.4f 17.82 ± 0i 0.74 ± 0e
OTPR2
 Naganishia adeliensis
 DBVPG 5195
20 4.90 ± 0.1a 11.04 ± 0.1a 44.38 ± 0.6c 11.60 ± 0.3a 0.38 ± 0abc
25 5.58 ± 0.1b 12.50 ± 0abc 44.63 ± 1.1c 13.22 ± 0.3bc 0.51 ± 0d
  1. P L total lipid production, DW cell dry weight, P L /DW % of total intracellular lipid on cell biomass, P L /C lipid yield, P L /d daily productivity
  2. Different superscripted letters indicate significant (p < 0.05) different values, as assessed by Tukey HSD [43]