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Table 3 Fatty acid (FA) profiles of lipids produced by Leucosporidium creatinivorum DBVPG 4794, Naganishia adeliensis DBVPG 5195 and Solicoccozyma terricola DBVPG 5870 grown on steam-exploded and hydrolyzed CS (cardoon stalks), SD1, SD2 (stranded driftwood), OTPR1 and OTPR2 (olive tree pruning residues) at 20 and 25 °C

From: Yeast lipids from cardoon stalks, stranded driftwood and olive tree pruning residues as possible extra sources of oils for producing biofuels and biochemicals

  T (°C) C6:0 (%) C8:0 (%) C10:0 (%) C12:0 (%) C14:0 (%) C16:0 (%) C16:1 (%) C18:0 (%) C18:1 (%)
CS
 Naganishia adeliensis
 DBVPG 5195
20 0 0 0.01 ± 0 0.02 ± 0 0.54 ± 0.1 19.94 ± 2.2fghij 0.05 ± 0 9.95 ± 0.8gh 63.78 ± 2.0fg
25 0 0 0.01 ± 0 0.01 ± 0 0.69 ± 0.1 16.15 ± 1.5cdefg 0 13.48 ± 1.1i 63.17 ± 1.1f
 Solicoccozyma terricola
 DBVPG 5870
20 0.01 ± 0 0.01 ± 0 0.02 ± 0 0.02 ± 0 0.41 ± 0.1 31.88 ± 0.2m 0.54 ± 0.1 12.59 ± 0.5i 48.29 ± 0.6c
25 0 0.01 ± 0 0.03 ± 0 0.02 ± 0 0.41 ± 0.1 38.22 ± 6.4n 0.42 ± 0.1 25.25 ± 7.0hijk 29.23 ± 2.2a
SD1
 Leucosporidium creatinivorum
 DBVPG 4794
20 0.02 ± 0 0 0 0 0 17.78 ± 0.4gh 0.7 ± 0.2 3.71 ± 0.6ab 65.70 ± 1.9fg
 Naganishia adeliensis
 DBVPG 5195
20 0.1 ± 0 0 0 0 0 26.18 ± 0.9kl 0.07 ± 0 12.65 ± 1.3i 51.83 ± 2.2cd
25 0.05 ± 0 0 0 0 0 24.07 ± 4.4hijkl 0.07 ± 0 7.52 ± 1.4defg 59.42 ± 5.9defg
SD2
 Leucosporidium creatinivorum
 DBVPG 4794
20 0.02 ± 0 0 0 0 0.99 ± 0 18.04 ± 2.1defghi 0.81 ± 0.1 3.09 ± 0.3a 68.87 ± 2.1gh
 Naganishia adeliensis
 DBVPG 5195
20 0.13 ± 0.1 0 0 0.03 ± 0 0.18 ± 0.1 11.29 ± 1.9bc 0 7.98 ± 1.0efg 74.13 ± 2.5hi
25 0.03 ± 0 0 0 0 0.21 ± 0 6.62 ± 0.6a 0.17 ± 0 8.71 ± 0.8efg 77.61 ± 1.9i
 Solicoccozyma terricola
 DBVPG 5870
20 0 0 0 0 0.2 ± 0.1 23.63 ± 2.4ijkl 0.57 ± 01 11.30 ± 1.5jhi 58.60 ± 0.7e
25 0 0 0.03 ± 0 0 1.09 ± 0.1 29.47 ± 3.9jklm 0.15 ± 0.1 24.03 ± 1.0 k 41.12 ± 3.2b
OTPR1
 Leucosporidium creatinivorum
 DBVPG 4794
20 0 0 0 0.24 ± 0.2 1.57 ± 0.3 16.52 ± 0.4f 0.58 ± 0.3 4.81 ± 0.6bc 68.11 ± 1.5gh
25 0 0 0 0.73 ± 0.3 3.16 ± 0.9 15.74 ± 0f 0.61 ± 0.2 8.92 ± 0.6fg 62.38 ± 2.3efg
 Naganishia adeliensis
 DBVPG 5195
20 0 0 0 0.44 ± 0 1.69 ± 0.5 15.85 ± 0.4ef 0.56 ± 0.2 8.70 ± 0.4fg 65.23 ± 1.7fg
25 0 0 0 0.53 ± 0.1 1.98 ± 0.9 13.76 ± 0.7bcd 0.44 ± 0.1 7.75 ± 0.5ef 69.29 ± 3.6fghi
 Solicoccozyma terricola
 DBVPG 5870
20 0 0 0 0.29 ± 0 1.03 ± 0.1 24.13 ± 0.8jk 0.41 ± 0 18.70 ± 0.6j 51.80 ± 0.5d
OTPR2
 Naganishia adeliensis  DBVPG 5195 20 0 0 0 0.67 ± 0.1 2.71 ± 0.9 14.66 ± 0.4cde 0.56 ± 0.1 7.47 ± 0.2e 66.92 ± 1.4fg
25 0 0 0 0.45 ± 0 2.11 ± 1 11.60 ± 0.8b 0.34 ± 0.1 5.37 ± 0.4 cd 76.53 ± 2.5i
  T (°C) C18:2 (%) C18:3 n − 6 (%) C18:3 n − 3 (%) C20:0 (%) C20:1 (%) C22:0 (%) C22:1 (%) C24:0 (%)
CS
 Naganishia adeliensis
 DBVPG 5195
20 5.08 ± 0.6cd 0.02 ± 0 0.13 ± 0.1 0.12 ± 0.1 0.03 ± 0 0.18 ± 0.1 0 0.14 ± 0
25 5.39 ± 0.3d 0.01 ± 0 0.26 ± 0 0.33 ± 0.2 0.06 ± 0 0.23 ± 0.1 0 0.21 ± 0.2
 Solicoccozyma terricola
 DBVPG 5870
20 4.67 ± 0.5cd 0.03 ± 0 0.11 ± 0 0.45 ± 0 0.07 ± 0 0.36 ± 0 0 0.54 ± 0.3
25 5.22 ± 1.4abcde 0.01 ± 0 0.15 ± 0 0.52 ± 0.1 0.02 ± 0 0.27 ± 0.1 0 0.21 ± 0.2
SD1
 Leucosporidium creatinivorum
 DBVPG 4794
20 8.30 ± 1.1efg 0.06 ± 0 2.42 ± 0.1 0.48 ± 0.1 0.19 ± 0.1 0.44 ± 0.1 0.21 ± 0.1 0
 Naganishia adeliensis
 DBVPG 5195
20 9.17 ± 0.1g 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
25 8.62 ± 0.1f 0 0 0.17 ± 0 0.09 ± 0 0 0 0
SD2
 Leucosporidium creatinivorum
 DBVPG 4794
20 8.19 ± 0.4ef 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Naganishia adeliensis
 DBVPG 5195
20 4.84 ± 2.0abcdefg 0 0 0.75 ± 1.2 0.56 ± 0.9 0 0 0
25 6.54 ± 3.3abcdefg 0.04 ± 0 0.07 ± 0 0 0 0 0 0
 Solicoccozyma terricola
 DBVPG 5870
20 3.38 ± 0.6abc 0.18 ± 0 0.07 ± 0 0.83 ± 0.1 0.08 ± 0 0.46 ± 0.1 0.21 ± 0.1 0.45 ± 0.2
25 3.44 ± 0.1b 0.07 ± 0 0.10 ± 0 0.37 ± 0 0.03 ± 0 0 0 0
OTPR1
 Leucosporidium creatinivorum
 DBVPG 4794
20 3.80 ± 0.2bc 2.64 ± 1.2 0.32 ± 0.1 0.46 ± 0.3 0 0 0 0
25 5.66 ± 0.1d 1.06 ± 0.2 0.43 ± 0.1 1.29 ± 0.4 0 0 0 0
 Naganishia adeliensis
 DBVPG 5195
20 5.42 ± 0.2d 0.93 ± 0 0.37 ± 0 0.84 ± 0 0 0 0 0
25 3.25 ± 0.2b 0.58 ± 0.1 0.45 ± 0.1 0.97 ± 0.1 0 0 0 0
 Solicoccozyma terricola
 DBVPG 5870
20 2.41 ± 0.2a 0.56 ± 0.2 0.34 ± 0 0.33 ± 0 0 0 0 0
OTPR2
 Naganishia adeliensis
 DBVPG 5195
20 4.43 ± 0.2c 0.87 ± 0.2 0.43 ± 0 1.27 ± 0.2 0 0 0 0
25 2.21 ± 0.2a 0.30 ± 0 0.34 ± 0 0.75 ± 0.1 0 0 0 0
  1. C6:0 caproic acid (hexanoic acid), C8:0 caprylic acid (octanoic acid), C10:0 capric acid (decanoic acid), C12:0 lauric acid (dodecanoic acid), C14:0 myristic acid (tetradecanoic acid), C16:0 palmitic acid (hexadecanoic acid), ∆9C16:1 palmitoleic acid [(9Z)-hexadec-9-enoic acid), C18:0 stearic acid (octadecanoic acid), Δ9C18:1 oleic acid [(9E9Z)-octadec-9-enoic acid], ∆9,12C18:2 linoleic acid [(9Z,12Z)-9,12-octadecadienoic acid], ∆9,12,15C18:3 α-linolenic acid [(9Z,12Z,15Z)-9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid], ∆6,9,12C18:3 γ-linolenic acid [(6Z,9Z,12Z)-6,9,12-octadecatrienoic acid], C20:0 arachic acid (eicosanoic acid), ∆11C20:1 gondoic acid [(11Z)-11-eicosenoic acid], C22:0 behenic acid (docosanoic acid), ∆13C22:1 erucic acid [(13Z)-docos-13-enoic acid], C24:0 lignoceric acid (tetracosanoic acid)
  2. For the fatty acids C16:0, C18:0, C18:1 and C18:2 different superscripted letters indicate significant (p < 0.05) different values, as assessed by Tukey HSD [43]