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Table 2 Main results of fermentation test adding furfural or HMF to the GAX medium, compared to the inhibitor-free GAX tests

From: Continuous succinic acid fermentation by Actinobacillus succinogenes in a packed-bed biofilm reactor

D—h−1 0.75 1.00
GAX GAX + Furfural GAX + HMF GAX GAX + Furfural GAX + HMF
SA— g L−1 19.50 18.40 17.40 17.96 15.10 13.90
ξTOT—% 46.00 50.97 43.40 35.45 35.83 35.21
WSA— g L−1h−1 14.60 13.80 13.05 17.96 15.10 13.90
YSA—gSA g S −1 0.55 0.50 0.56 0.65 0.58 0.55
χSA gSA g TotAc −1 0.84 0.75 0.84 0.85 0.86 0.87