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Table 1 Effects of nutrient and environmental conditions on bioproduct production

From: High-value biomass from microalgae production platforms: strategies and progress based on carbon metabolism and energy conversion

Stress Species Products Biomass titer References
Biomass yield (mg L−1 h−1) Product content (mg g−1)
Nutrient and environmental conditions on biomass accumulation
 Glucose C. zofingiensis Astaxanthin 292.8 0.8–1.0 [52]
 CO2 C. vulgaris Biomass 9.2 [53]
 Light Scenedesmus almeriensis Lutein 36.2 5.5 [54]
 Temperature C. vulgaris Biomass 9.2 [53]
 pH Scenedesmus sp. Lipid 23.6 400.0–450.0 [55]
Nutrient and environmental stresses on bioproduct production
 Nitrogen C. vulgaris TAG 9.0 617.5 [56]
S. obliquus Lipid 9.0–18.3 91.7–117.1 [57]
 Phosphorus S. obliquus Lipid 530.0 [58]
 Ca C. vulgaris and S. obliquus Lipid 1.6–2.5 100.0–400.0 [59]
 Mg C. vulgaris and S. obliquus Lipid 1.8–3.0 100.0–260.0 [59]
 Light H. pluvialis Astaxanthin 8.2 51.9 [34]
 Temperature Monoraphidium sp. SB2 Lipid 3.9 329.0 [60]
 Salinity C. vulgaris and S. obliquus Lipid 2.3–1.0 170.0–400.0 [59]
 pH Chlorella CHLOR1 Triglyceride [61]