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Table 1 Lignocellulosic materials prepared from South African sugarcane bagasse used in this study and their appearance after milling and before pretreatment

From: Pretreatment of South African sugarcane bagasse using a low-cost protic ionic liquid: a comparison of whole, depithed, fibrous and pith bagasse fractions

Fraction Description Appearance
Whole bagasse (WB) Heterogeneous mixture of longer fibers from within the sugarcane stalk cortex (fiber), short parenchymatous particles from the vascular bundle (pith) as well as the dense non-fibrous epidermis surrounding the stalk (rind)
Depithed bagasse (DB) Higher density, fibrous material left over after removal of pith particles by commercial depithing in an industrial process involving hammer milling of moist bagasse followed by screening
Long fiber bagasse (LFB) Longer fibers from the cortex of sugarcane stalk with high aspect ratios; retained on the first (12-mesh) screen within a wet depithing process involving agitation using water and air followed by sieving within an automated pith–fiber separator in the laboratory
Short fiber bagasse (SFB) Short fibers from the cortex of sugarcane stalk with moderate aspect ratios; separated by passing through the first (12-mesh) and being retained by the second (20-mesh) screen within a wet depithing process involving agitation using water and air followed by sieving within an automated pith–fiber separator in the laboratory
Pith bagasse (PB) Small, spongy spherical particles from the vascular bundle of sugarcane stalk mixed with short bagasse fibers. Lower density, porous material; obtained by passing through the second (20-mesh) screen within a wet depithing process involving agitation using water and air followed by sieving within an automated pith–fiber separator in the laboratory