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Table 1 Quantification of lignin–carbohydrate linkages in LCC

From: Lignin–carbohydrate complexes: properties, applications, analyses, and methods of extraction: a review

LCC preparation Amounts of LCC linkages per 100 Ar
Benzyl ether PhyGlc γ-Ester
Softwood LCC
 Pine LCC-AcOH [21] 4.3 6.8 4.5
 Spruce GM–L [17] 3.8 4.4 ND
 Spruce Xyl–L [17] 6.1 ND ND
Hardwood LCC
 Birch LCC-AcOH [21] 0.7 5.4 5.6
 Eucalypt LCC-AcOH [74] 0.3–0.9 5.0–7.9 ND
Herbaceous LCC
 A. Donax Björkman LCC [24] 251 42 3
 Wheat Björkman LCC [23] 50 2 14
 A. Donax LCC-AcOH [24] 4 ND 0.14