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Table 3 Typical adaptive laboratory evolution experiments with microalgae

From: Microalgae for the production of lipid and carotenoids: a review with focus on stress regulation and adaptation

Microalgal species Selection pressure Selection time Performance References
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Nitrogen limitation 50 days The numbers of intracellular lipid bodies was massively increased [110]
Crypthecodinium cohnii Inhibitory concentration of glucose 650 days High biomass and lipid accumulation was achieved [115]
Rhodococcus opacus High glycerol concentration 22 days The conversion of glycerol into TAG was improved [116]
Rhodococcus opacus Phenol as sole carbon source 40 passages The lipid production was increased by twofold [117]
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Nitrogen starvation 84 days Lipid productivity was increased by 2.36 times [118]
Chlorella vulgaris 660 nm LEDs 114 days Maximum biomass density was achieved [119]
Dunaliella salina Combined blue and red light 80 days Increase of accumulation of carotenoids under combined blue and red light [110]
Phaeodactylum tricornutum Combined blue and red light 60 days Increase of biomass production and fucoxanthin accumulation [122]
Chlorella sp. 10% and 20% CO2 97 days Enhanced CO2 fixation capability and carotenoids accumulation [123]
Schizochytrium sp. Agitation at 230 rpm 40 days Maximum cell dry weight and DHA yield were observed [131]