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Table 3 Hydrolysis rates of AmyZ1 and other known α-amylases with high concentration raw starches as the substrates

From: AmyZ1: a novel α-amylase from marine bacterium Pontibacillus sp. ZY with high activity toward raw starches

Source (enzyme name) Degree of hydrolysis (%) Enzyme amount (U mg−1 starch) Temp (°C) pH Refs
Wheat Corn
Bacteria
 Bacillus aquimaris MKSC 6.2 (BaqA) NM 1.4% (10% and 24 h) 2a 37 6.5 [20]
 Bacillus sp. YX-1 NM 50% (20% and 12 h) 0.3 50 5.0 [53]
 Geobacillus thermoleovorans (Gt-amy) 26% (30% and 3 h) 24% (30% and 3 h) 0.1 60 5.0 [12]
 Geobacillus thermoleovorans (Gt-amyII) NM 31% (30% and 3 h) 70.0 50 7.0 [18]
 Nesterenkonia sp. strain F 10% (15% and 48 h) NM NM 45 NM [55]
 Geobacillus sp. 4j (Gs4j-amyA) 45% (30% and 4 h) 36% (30% and 4 h) 0.5 65 5.5 [17]
 Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (BAA, Sigma) 50% (30% and 4 h) 15% (30% and 4 h) 0.5 65 5.5 [17]
 Bacillus licheniformis (BLA, Sigma) 50% (30% and 4 h) 35% (30% and 4 h) 0.5 65 5.5 [17]
 Bacillus licheniformis (BLA, Sigma) NM 58% (30% and 5 h) 11.5 60 6.5 [16]
 Bacillus licheniformis ATCC9945a (BliAmy) NM 58% (30% and 5 h) 11.5 60 6.5 [16]
 Bacillus licheniformis (BLA, Sigma) 35% (30% and 4 h) 43% (30% and 4 h) 1.0 30 7.0 This study
Pontibacillus sp. ZY (AmyZ1) 37% (30% and 4 h) 47% (30% and 4 h) 5.0b or 1.0c 30 7.0 This study
Fungi and other
 Rhizomucor sp. (RA) NM 75% (31% and 96 h)d 15.5 32 4.5 [56]
 Porcine pancreas (PPA) NM 32% (31% and 96 h)d 15.5 37 7.0 [56]
  1. NM not mentioned
  2. aμg/mg
  3. bWith raw wheat starch as the substrate
  4. cWith raw corn starch as the substrate
  5. dTotal solubilized sugars were measured in the supernatant by the orcinol sulfuric method