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Table 1 Several potential microalgae species for biofuel production, type, and description of the species in brief [35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42]

From: Latest development in microalgae-biofuel production with nano-additives

Microalgae name Type Description in brief
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Chlorophyta Genetically modified by sex-cross, contains high amount of carbohydrate, lipid and protein in cell wall
Chlorella sp. Chlorophyta Unicellular green microalgae, source availability of tropical water with enough solar light
Spirulina platensis Chlorophyta Spiral-shaped multi-cellular microalgae (with no true nucleus), fresh water habitant, contains lipopolysaccharides and peptidoglycan (carbohydrate components) in cell wall as well as cyanophycean and starch are the main carbohydrate storage products
Chlorella vulgaris Chlorophyta Spherical shaped, single cellular (with nucleus) microalgae, grows in both fresh and marine water with adequate sunlight, contains cellulose and hemicelluloses (carbohydrate components) in cell wall and starch is the main carbohydrate storage product
Botryococcus braunii Chlorophyta Green microalgae, shape type pyramidal, source availability of tropical and oligotrophic freshwater such as lakes, ponds, estuaries
Ostreococcus tauri Chlorophyta Eukaryote and unicellular
Phaeodactylum tricornutum Phaeodactylum Salt water diatoms
Nannochloropsis sp. Heterokont Grown in both saline and fresh water, genetically modified and paralleled recombinant microalgae type
Symbiodinium sp. Fungia repanda Source availability in sea water, advanced eukaryotic, dinoflagellates
Phytoplanktons Either prokaryotic or eukaryotic Usually autotrophic, source availability at saline and tropical water sources such as lakes, ponds with sufficient solar energy
Cyanobacterial Mats Prokaryotic Easily grown in saline water
Saccharina japonica Brown type of microalgae Grown at sea and coastal water sources
Chlorococum sp. and Spirogyra sp. Cyanobacteria/blue–green algae Shape type spiral, source availability in usually moist environment, marine and fresh water sources, grown randomly in tropical areas where sunlight is available sufficiently