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Table 1 Physiological parameters for batch cultivation of R. toruloides CBS 14 in minimal medium containing either glucose or xylose

From: Proteome analysis of xylose metabolism in Rhodotorula toruloides during lipid production

  Glucose Xylose
Lag phase (h) 8 16
Expontential phase (h) 54 80
μmax (h−1) 0.14 0.07
Final DCW (g/l) 13.8 ± 0.13 11.1 ± 0.1
Starting sugar (g/l) 40.8 ± 0.3 39.4 ± 0.25
Residual sugar (g/l) 3.19 ± 0.81 1.1 ± 1
Final YX/S (gDW/g glucose−1) 0.36 ± 0.004 0.28 ± 0.003
Lipid content at t0 (%)a 7.59 ± 1.54  
Lipid content at t2 (%)a 10.58 ± 1.00 13.99 ± 1.5
Lipid content at t3 (%)a 47.51 ± 1.81 47.05 ± 1.4
Final YL/S (g/g) 0.19 ± 0.01 0.15 ± 0.009
  1. at0 represents the beginning of cultivation, t2—late exponential growth phase, t3—lipid accumulation phase