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Table 1 Biofuels and chemicals production by co-cultivation systems

From: Recent advances of biofuels and biochemicals production from sustainable resources using co-cultivation systems

Strains Subtracts Fermentation modes Products Titer Time References
C. thermocellumT. saccharolyticum 92 g/L avicel Batch Ethanol 38 g/L 146 h [32]
E. coli E609Y/pCRAXEXYL–E. coli KO11/pBBKXYN 10 g/L xylan Batch Ethanol 2.8 g/L 60 h [51]
C. thermocellumK. marxianus 20 g/L glucan Batch Ethanol 9.5 g/L 5 days [52]
C. thermocellumThermoanaerobacter strains 20 g/L cellulose Batch Ethanol 6.6 g/L ~ 6 days [56]
C. phytofermentansS. cerevisiae 100 g/L cellulose Batch Ethanol 22 g/L 400 h [57]
C. thermocellumC. beijerinckii 88.9 g/L alkali extracted corn cobs Batch Butanol 10.9 g/L 200 h [65]
E. coli strain BuT-3E–E. coli strain BuT-8L-ato 20 g/L glucose Batch Butanol 5.5 g/L 24 h [67]
Chlorella minutissimaA. awamori 10 g/L glycerol Batch Palmitic (C16:0) 35.02 mg/L [73]
Chlorella minutissimaA. awamori 10 g/L glycerol Batch Oleic (C18:1) 24.21 mg/L [73]
R. glutinisScenedesmus obliquus 50 g/L glucose Batch Total lipid ~6 g/L 4 days [74]
T. reeseiL. pentosus 50 g/L avicel Batch Lactate 34.7 g/L 215 h [76]
E. coli ALS1073–E. coli ALS1074 22 g/L glucose + 33 g/L xylose Batch Lactate 37 g/L 24 h [77]
E. coli P5.2–E. coli BC 20 g/L glycerol Batch Muconic acid 2 g/L ~ 48 h [78]
E. coli P6.6–E. coli BXC 13.2 g/L glucose + 6.6 g/L xylose Batch Muconic acid 4.7 g/L 72 h [34]
G. oxydansK. vulgare 80 g/L d-sorbitol Fed-batch 2-Keto-l-gulonic acid 76.6 g/L 36 h [82]
E. coliS. cerevisiae Xylose Fed-batch Oxygenated taxanes 33 mg/L 120 h [35]
E. coli C5–E. coli p168 20 g/L glycerol Fed-batch Flavan-3-ols 40.7 mg/L 54 h [39]