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TableĀ 1 Derived parameter obtained from solid yield, elemental analysis, proximate analysis and heat value of hydrothermal solid product

From: Improvement of corn stover fuel properties via hydrothermal carbonization combined with surfactant

Sample Solid recovery (%) Carbon recovery efficiency (%) Fixed carbon recovery efficiency (%) Energy densification efficiency (%) Energetic retention efficiency (%) HHV improvement (%)
CS/SA 36.6 47.82 88.59 121.50 44.41 21.50
CS/SA/PEG 34.0 47.74 83.87 150.06 51.02 50.06
CS/SA/TW 44.7 67.53 100.33 151.58 67.75 51.58
CS/SA/SDBS 50.0 67.09 113.77 148.74 74.36 48.74
CS/SA/SP 54.5 79.96 87.27 176.42 96.15 76.42
CS/SA/SL 40.0 56.20 100.28 152.52 61.01 52.52