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Table 3 Combustion characteristic parameters of samples

From: Improvement of corn stover fuel properties via hydrothermal carbonization combined with surfactant

Sample SN (10−11 K−3 min−2) Ar (%·min−1) Mr (%·min−1) Ti (K) Th (K) τ0 (min) Ci/10−4(K−2 min−1) Cr/10−7(K−2 min−1)
CS 2.13 4.62 9.12 525.35 716.15 40.6 1.3124 3.30
CS/SA 11.30 6.89 33.10 554.45 656.85 35.7 3.2381 10.77
CS/SA/TW 10.10 6.09 28.81 516.05 651.65 35.1 3.1369 10.82
CS/SA/SDBS 7.97 6.72 20.15 511.85 648.25 33.4 2.1105 7.69
CS/SA/PEG 100.71 36.76 40.28 489.65 613.15 23.2 4.2637 16.80
CS/SA/SL 7.42 6.39 18.24 499.05 629.95 33.1 1.8859 7.32
CS/SA/SP 28.98 11.28 34.78 490.65 562.15 26.6 4.6898 14.45
  1. SN integrated combustion characteristics index, Ar average reaction rate (dw/dt)mean, Mr Maximum reaction rate (dw/dt)max, Ti ignition temperature, Th burnout temperature, τ0 burnout time, Ci index of ignition characteristics, Cr index of combustible characteristics