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Table 2 Relevant commodity and fine chemicals made from petrochemistry, which are foreseen to be produced by economically viable fermentation process economically from lignocellulosic sugars

From: Engineering microbial pathways for production of bio-based chemicals from lignocellulosic sugars: current status and perspectives

Chemicals name Chemical formula Molecular mass Degree of reduction Application field Market size (CAGR*) (US dollars) Reference
Glycolic acid C2H4O3 76 6 Dyeing and tanning agent in textile industry, flavor and preservative in food industry, skin care agent in cosmetics 280 million by 2019
CAGR 11.3%
Mono ethylene glycol C2H6O2 62 10 Antifreeze agent, precursor of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) for plastic bottle, use in paints and resins in chemical industry, 26 billion by 2018
CAGR 5%–glycol-market-2709
Glyoxylic acid C2H2O3 74 6 Cosmetic, personal care and dermatology, household, adhesive, additive for ink and painting, component in emulsion polymers 76million in 2016
CAGR 5.27%
1,4 Butanediol C4H10O2 90 22 Fibers, plastics, medicines, cosmfibreetics, artificial leather, pesticides, plasticizers, hardener, solvent, rust remover, etc. 7.75 Billion by 2017
CAGR 6.6%
1,2,4 Butanetriol C4H10O3 106 20 Building block for energetic plasticizer, polymers, for electronics materials 8,9 billion by 2025
CAGR 8.2%
3,4 dihydroxybutyric acid
C4H804 120 16 Intermediates for high-value pharmaceutical compounds such as Crestor, Lipitor, Zyvox, Zetia 54 million (2003)
CAGR 5.5%
Glutaric acid C5H8O4 132 20 Building block for polyesters and polyamides like nylon, ingredient in cleaning products, painting and coating formulation Data not found NA
Mesaconic acid C5H604 130 18 Precursor for pentadiene (isoprene) by thermocatalysis Data not found NA
  1. *CAGR: compound annual growth rate; NA: not available