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Table 2 Differentially expressed genes during aerobic batch propagation and fed-batch fermentation (ungassed) with S. cerevisiae Ethanol Red using YPD medium (≥ twofold adjusted p ≤ 0.05)

From: A microbubble-sparged yeast propagation–fermentation process for bioethanol production

SampleNumber of genes up-regulatedNumber of genes down-regulatedTotal genes
Early propagation (t = 3 h)2911
Late propagation (t = 10 h)4856104
Early fermentation (t = 7 h)211334
Late fermentation (t = 32 h)11