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Fig. 1 | Biotechnology for Biofuels

Fig. 1

From: Engineering the transmission efficiency of the noncyclic glyoxylate pathway for fumarate production in Escherichia coli

Fig. 1

Major metabolic pathways for the formation of fumarate in E. coli. PEP: phosphoenolpyruvate; ldhA: lactate dehydrogenase; pflB: pyruvate formate lyase; poxB: pyruvate oxidase; pta: phosphotransacetylase; ackA: acetate kinase A; PYC: pyruvate carboxylase; CS: citrate synthase; ACN: aconitase; ICL: isocitrate lyase, SDH: succinate dehydrogenase; fumABC: fumarase; frdBC: fumarate reductase; dcuBC: the C4-dicarboxylate transporter

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