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Table 2 Component analysis of various lignocellulosic biomass before and after treatment with EaCl:LAC

From: Facilely reducing recalcitrance of lignocellulosic biomass by a newly developed ethylamine-based deep eutectic solvent for biobutanol fermentation

Component (%) Corncob Rice straw Pod Wheat straw Bagasse Rice husk
Raw Treated Raw Treated Raw Treated Raw Treated Raw Treated Raw Treated
Cellulose 30.0 ± 0.8 70.0 ± 3.1 31.7 ± 2.2 51.0 ± 2.4 21.8 ± 0.1 42.0 ± 0.4 38.1 ± 0.8 63.8 ± 1.4 32.0 ± 1.1 66.0 ± 2.7 35.0 ± 1.7 44.0 ± 1.7
Cellulose yield 98.0 70.7 92.4 92.3 82.5 72.9
Hemicellulose 14.6 ± 0.1 4.2 ± 0.2 10.0 ± 1.2 4.3 ± 0.4 10.9 ± 0.7 5.6 ± 0.7 8.4 ± 0.8 4.6 ± 0.3 11.6 ± 1.4 4.9 ± 0.2 6.7 ± 1.1 4.3 ± 0.4
HC removala 87.9 81.1 75.3 69.9 83.1 62.7
AS ligninb 2.3 ± 0.1 0.9 ± 0.1 1.5 ± 0.2 0.7 ± 0.0 1.5 ± 0.2 0.7 ± 0.1 0.9 ± 0.1 0.7 ± 0.0 1.5 ± 0.0 0.9 ± 0.0 0.8 ± 0.1 0.5 ± 0.0
AIS ligninc 24.2 ± 1.4 17.1 ± 1.9 31.4 ± 1.2 28.2 ± 0.2 31.1 ± 0.5 38.2 ± 0.5 37.1 ± 1.0 21.9 ± 1.0 9.8 ± 0.6 11.2 ± 1.4 36.1 ± 1.3 29.6 ± 1.2
Lignin removal 71.5 61.3 42.7 67.0 57.2 52.7
Solid yield 42.0 44.0 48.0 55.0 40.0 58.0
Ash 0.4 ± 0.0 0.7 ± 0.0 6.6 ± 0.0 11.7 ± 0.0 0.5 ± 0.1 0.4 ± 0.1 1.0 ± 0.0 1.9 ± 0.0 0.6 ± 0.0 1.2 ± 0.0 11.7 ± 0.2 17.0 ± 1.0
Others 28.9 ± 2.3 7.1 ± 0.7 18.8 ± 3.6 4.1 ± 0.3 34.2 ± 1.1 13.1 ± 0.7 14.5 ± 1.4 7.1 ± 2.0 44.5 ± 3.0 18.8 ± 1.9 9.7 ± 1.0 4.6 ± 1.7
  1. aHC removal: hemicellulose removal
  2. bAS lignin: acid-soluble lignin
  3. cAIS lignin: acid-insoluble lignin
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